Art A-Z: E – Eropkin Petr

Petr Mikhaylovich Eropkin (1689, Moscow – 1740, Saint-Petersburg) – architect.

Born to a family of noble but poor family. From 1716 to 1724 studied architecture in Italy.

Since 1725 participated in construction of Petergof. Since 1735 took part in previously suspended construction of Aleksandr Nevskiy Lavra. In the 30th years of the XVIII century made a number of houses for Russian noblemen.

Eropkin was the author of the first perspective plan of Saint-Petersburg.

In 1740, Russian empress Anna Ioanovna decided to organise wedding for her buffoons, and Eropken designed Ice House on Neva river in Saint-Petersburg, where the ceremony took place (see the picture up).

Eropkin was one of the first theorists of architecture in Russia and was considered one the most educated persons of his time. He translated several parts of A.Palladio’s famous book “About architecture” into Russian.

Was accused of conspiracy and executed.

Interesting Fact

In Moscow you can find Eropkinskiy lane, which was named after Petr Eropkin’s relative, Petr Dmitrievich Eropkin, Russian statesman.



Art A-Z: D – Deineka Aleksandr

Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Deineka (1899, Kursk – 1969, Moscow) – painter, illustrator, sculptor.

After studies at Vkhutemas (Art and technical school), he started his career as illustrator at several journals and author of posters. At the same time he made first steps in panel painting, which was influenced by his experience as illustrator.

His favourite subjects were industrialisation, work and leisure of Soviet people, sport.

Defense of Petrograd, 1927

Monumental forms, expression, dynamics, clarity and brightness of colours are the typical traits of Deineka’s style.

Baseball, 1935

Famous works:

  • Panels for Soviet Pavilion at World Exhibition in Paris, 1937
  • 35 mosaics for Mayakovskaya station, 1938


Learn more about Mayakovskaya station and A.Deineka in the course of our Metro Tour.