Every year, on the 20th of August the Tsaritsyno Museum-Reserve celebrates its anniversary. This day in 1775 empress Catherine the Great signed an edict that officially changed the name of the territory that she bought to build a new residence in Moscow to “Tsaritsyno” (literally – “belonging to tsaritsa” – analogue of status of empress in Russia).
Today you can visit all exhibitions and buildings for free. Master classes and concerts are also a part of the programme. The celebration culminates by tasting of a huge cake.
Architectural complex and beautiful park around it have peculiar history. Buildings of the residence have been initially designed by famous Russian architect Vasily Bazhenov, the author of Pashkov House and other master-pieces. Although the empress approved the design, she didn’t like erected constructions during her visit of the site and ordered to destroy them and elaborate a new design. This was the first time in the history of Russia when a country’s leader issued such an order.
The new project was executed by Bazhenov’s former apprentice Matvey Kazakov who seriously redesigned the Grand Palace, which was the main reason of Catherine’s anger. But by the time works were almost finished, the empress died, and her heir Pavel I signed an edict to stop any further works on the site. Tsatitsyno never became Romanov’s official residence.
Although the park was a popular leisure attraction of Moscow dweller, constructions gradually ruined.
In the 1980th, decision was made to restore the complex, and in 2007 renewed sight was officially inaugurated.